Author Archives: amandeepm

Jaito

Jaito was founded by Bhai Jaita of the Sidhu clan. On this place situated near a fort, is the Gurdwara Gangsara built in memory of Guru Gobind Singh who visited here in 1705.

Maharaja Hira Singh constructed the Gurdwara whose sarovar or tank is popularly known as “Gangsar”. About a mile and a half north of Jaito is Gurdwara Tibbi Sahib where Guru Gobind Singh used to organize and participate in the evening recitation of Rehras. Both Gurdwaras have extensive land sanctioned to it by the Nabha rulers. Jaito’s cattle markets are well renowned. People come from far distances to buy and sell their herds. Continue reading »

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Aliwal – First Anglo Sikh War site

The 40,000 Sikh infantry massed against Smith’s 10,000 men at Aliwal covered a frontage of about two miles connecting the villages of Aliwal and Bundri. They were supported by 37 pieces of artillery and flanked by cavalry. In the initial stages of the battle Smith’s forces advanced and took Aliwal. The capture of Aliwal meant the loss of the Sikhs’ best ford across the Sutlej, they therefore had to recapture it and attempted to do so with a body of 1000 cavalry. Smith saw this threat and immediately dispatched a squadron of 16th Lancers and a squadron of the 3rd Bengal Light Cavalry. Continue reading »

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Khatkar Kalan

Shaheed Bhagat Singh and his paternal uncle, Sardar Ajit Singh were from the village of Khatkar Kalan. Ajit Singh was a talented orator and an active revolutionary. In 1907, he was arrested in connection with the peasants’ agitation and exiled to Burma. Fearing unrest he was brought back and after some time he left Punjab for Iran. Later, he moved to Turkey and finally settled in Brazil till the end of the First World War. During the Second World War he went to Germany and addressed the Sikh soldiers and other Indians asking them to participate in the struggle to remove the British from their homeland. After the defeat of Germany he was jailed and was later allowed to return to India because of his health. He died at Dalhousie in August 1947. Continue reading »

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Khalsa College Amritsar

Khalsa College is a historic educational institution in the northern Indian city of Amritsar in the state of Punjab, India. Founded in 1892, the sprawling 300-acre (1.2 km2) campus is located about eight km outside of the city center on the Amritsar-Lahore highway (part of the Grand Trunk Road), adjoining Guru Nanak Dev University campus, to which Khalsa College is academically affiliated. Continue reading »

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The Gurdwaras of Batala

Guru Nanak, the founder of the Sikh faith, was married here to Bihi Sulakhni, daughter of Mul Chand Chauna on 24 September 1487. It is said Guru Nanak refused to be married according to the prevalent rites. As he was a reformer, he suggested a simpler wedding ceremony. The Brahmins resisted and Mul Chand Chauna, would be father- in-law of the Guru, refused to marry his daughter to Nanak according to any other rites. A discussion took place between the Brahmins and Guru Nanak. Nanak was given a seat near a crooked decaying mud-wall which was about to fall. The idea was to bury Nanak under the mud wall by giving it a little push. However an old lady informed Nanak who smiled and proclaimed, “This wall will not fall for centuries. The will of God shall prevail.” Continue reading »

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Sri Hargobindpur

Guru Arjun Dev, the 5th Guru, founded the town of Sri-Hargobindpur in 1595 AD in memory of his son Hargobind’s birth in that year, as the child was the only son born to the Guru Arjan Dev after many prayers. Continue reading »

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Baba Bakala

Guru Tegh Bahadur, the 9th Guru, had revealed himself to Makhan Shah Lubana, a Sikh devotee here. Before his death at Delhi on March 30, 1664 Guru Harkrishan mumbled feebly ‘Baba Bakala’ which was taken to mean that his successor was to be found at Bakala village. Many people tried to take the Guru ki Gaddi and credit is given to Makhan Shah Lubana, a banjara trader from Jhelum, for discovering the true Guru. Continue reading »

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Khadur Sahib

Khadur Sahib is the sacred village where the 2nd Guru Angad Dev propagated the message of God for many years. Gurdwara Khaddi Sahib has been constructed here in memory of Guru Amar Das because at the spot where the Gurdwara stands today, was located a khaddi (loom) of a cloth weaver. As the story goes, one dark night, Guru Amar Das fell into a pit while carrying a pitcher of water on his head from the river Beas 10 km away for his Guru Angad Dev. Continue reading »

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Muktsar

Guru Gobind Singh fought his last battle against the Mughals on December 29, 1705 AD near a pond called Khidrane di Dhab. 40 disciples of the Guru known as ‘40 Muktas’ (40 liberated ones) sacrificed their lives here and the city that grew at the site of the battle was called Muktsar after them. Continue reading »

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Talwandi Sabo

(28 km from Bathinda, Dist.Bathinda) This is the location of Sri Damdama Sahib. Guru Gobind Singh arrived here on 20-21 January, 1706 after fighting battles against the Mughals during which two of his sons were bricked alive at Sirhind and … Continue reading »

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Fatehgarh Sahib

The Gurdwara Fatehgarh Sahib marks the spot where the two younger sons of Guru Gobind Singh, Zorawar Singh and Fateh Singh, were bricked alive in the fort of Sirhind by order of the tyrant Nawab Wazir Khan on December 28, 1704 as they refused to be converted to Islam. Mata Gujri, their grandmother expired due to the shock and it was a Hindu, Dewan Todar Mal, who cremated the three dead bodies with the help of other devotees of the Guru. At a short distance is the Rauza of Hazrat Mirajabad-ud-din Alaf Sheikh Ahmed Sirhindi and pilgrims visit Sirhind to pay respects to both, Gurdwara Fatehgarh Sahib and Rauza Sharif. Continue reading »

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Chamkaur Sahib

This is the site of the historical battle fought by Guru Gobind Singh in a small fortress where he faced the mighty Mughal army with just forty Sikhs. Here, the Guru blessed his two sons At Singh and Jujhar Singh and saw them off to the battle field where they, along with 37 Sikhs attained martyrdom. Three of the first five baptized Khalsa were also killed at this battle. Continue reading »

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Kiratpur Sahib

Kiratpur Sahib was founded by the 6th Guru Sri Hargobind Sahib. Here the 7th Guru, Guru Har Rai and the 8th Guru, Guru Harkrishen were born and brought up. It was here that Guru Gobind Singh along with his followers received the sacred head of the martyred 9th Guru Sri Tegh Bahadur, brought from Delhi by Bhai Jaita in 1675. The particular spot associated with it is known as Gurdwara Babangarh Sahib. Continue reading »

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Graves of Duleep Singh and Family

The grave of Maharaja Duleep Singh is located in the churchyard in the grounds of the Elveden Estate – this is open to public view. Also in the graveyard are the graves of Bamba Muller Duleep Singh (his first wife) … Continue reading »

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Imperial War Museum

The history of the two world wars are told by the Imperial War Museum. Here there are a number of displays showing the role of Indians in the two World Wars and even a Sikh Tank driver mannequin . On … Continue reading »

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