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Category Archives: Sikh History
The Katas Raj Temple complex is a Hindu mandir found in Katas village 40 kms south of Chakwal in Punjab, Pakistan and can be reached by road by the M2 Motorway and then following the road to Choa Saiden Shah. … Continue reading
On the lower Mall Road, inside the grounds of Punjab Secretrariat towards the south of the old city in Lahore, lies one of the more unexpected Mughal tombs, that of Anarkali, the former slave and lover of Prince Salim. According … Continue reading
Anglo-Sikh War SiteBattle of Ferozeshah – 21-22 December 1845 Following Mukdi, the British Army proceeded northwestwards with a view to joining forces with the besieged British garrison of Ferozepore. The Sikh Army did not prevent the meeting of the two … Continue reading
Jaito was founded by Bhai Jaita of the Sidhu clan. On this place situated near a fort, is the Gurdwara Gangsara built in memory of Guru Gobind Singh who visited here in 1705.
Maharaja Hira Singh constructed the Gurdwara whose sarovar or tank is popularly known as “Gangsar”. About a mile and a half north of Jaito is Gurdwara Tibbi Sahib where Guru Gobind Singh used to organize and participate in the evening recitation of Rehras. Both Gurdwaras have extensive land sanctioned to it by the Nabha rulers. Jaito’s cattle markets are well renowned. People come from far distances to buy and sell their herds. Continue reading
The 40,000 Sikh infantry massed against Smith’s 10,000 men at Aliwal covered a frontage of about two miles connecting the villages of Aliwal and Bundri. They were supported by 37 pieces of artillery and flanked by cavalry. In the initial stages of the battle Smith’s forces advanced and took Aliwal. The capture of Aliwal meant the loss of the Sikhs’ best ford across the Sutlej, they therefore had to recapture it and attempted to do so with a body of 1000 cavalry. Smith saw this threat and immediately dispatched a squadron of 16th Lancers and a squadron of the 3rd Bengal Light Cavalry. Continue reading
Khalsa College is a historic educational institution in the northern Indian city of Amritsar in the state of Punjab, India. Founded in 1892, the sprawling 300-acre (1.2 km2) campus is located about eight km outside of the city center on the Amritsar-Lahore highway (part of the Grand Trunk Road), adjoining Guru Nanak Dev University campus, to which Khalsa College is academically affiliated. Continue reading
The Gurdwara Fatehgarh Sahib marks the spot where the two younger sons of Guru Gobind Singh, Zorawar Singh and Fateh Singh, were bricked alive in the fort of Sirhind by order of the tyrant Nawab Wazir Khan on December 28, 1704 as they refused to be converted to Islam. Mata Gujri, their grandmother expired due to the shock and it was a Hindu, Dewan Todar Mal, who cremated the three dead bodies with the help of other devotees of the Guru. At a short distance is the Rauza of Hazrat Mirajabad-ud-din Alaf Sheikh Ahmed Sirhindi and pilgrims visit Sirhind to pay respects to both, Gurdwara Fatehgarh Sahib and Rauza Sharif. Continue reading
This is the site of the historical battle fought by Guru Gobind Singh in a small fortress where he faced the mighty Mughal army with just forty Sikhs. Here, the Guru blessed his two sons At Singh and Jujhar Singh and saw them off to the battle field where they, along with 37 Sikhs attained martyrdom. Three of the first five baptized Khalsa were also killed at this battle. Continue reading
Kiratpur Sahib was founded by the 6th Guru Sri Hargobind Sahib. Here the 7th Guru, Guru Har Rai and the 8th Guru, Guru Harkrishen were born and brought up. It was here that Guru Gobind Singh along with his followers received the sacred head of the martyred 9th Guru Sri Tegh Bahadur, brought from Delhi by Bhai Jaita in 1675. The particular spot associated with it is known as Gurdwara Babangarh Sahib. Continue reading
The Summer Palace of Maharajah Ranjit Singh in Amritsar is approximately two miles north of The Golden Temple. It can be reached via the SR-1 national highway. Ask locals for directions to the Ram Bagh Gardens or Maharajah Ranjit Singh’s museum. … Continue reading
In its present form Gobindgarh Fort in Amritsar was built by Maharajah Ranjit Singh in the early 19th century and occupies a significant place in Indian military history. Located in south-east Amritsar an approximately 1.5 km north of the Golden … Continue reading
Anandpur Sahib Fort on the Chandigarh- Nangal Road, and accessible by the Ambala-Sirhind-Ropar-Nagal rail route, is steeped in Sikh history, culture and traditions. Located approximately 45 km from Ropar and 22 km from Nangal, the site, amidst the tranquil backdrop … Continue reading