Category Archives: India>Central Punjab

Aliwal – First Anglo Sikh War site

The 40,000 Sikh infantry massed against Smith’s 10,000 men at Aliwal covered a frontage of about two miles connecting the villages of Aliwal and Bundri. They were supported by 37 pieces of artillery and flanked by cavalry. In the initial stages of the battle Smith’s forces advanced and took Aliwal. The capture of Aliwal meant the loss of the Sikhs’ best ford across the Sutlej, they therefore had to recapture it and attempted to do so with a body of 1000 cavalry. Smith saw this threat and immediately dispatched a squadron of 16th Lancers and a squadron of the 3rd Bengal Light Cavalry. Continue reading »

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Sarabha

In Ludhiana district, another revolutionary was born in the village of Sarabha. Sardar Kartar Singh Sarabha was a talented student who went to the USA to study chemistry. Disturbed by the discrimination against non-whites, he turned into a strong anti-racism activist and an ardent nationalist. He joined the Ghadar movement and used to bring out the’ Ghadar’ newspaper in San Francisco. Continue reading »

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Malerkotla

The town of Malerkotla was divided into two parts – Maler and Kotla. Maler may have been named after an individual named Malher Singh who is said to have constructed a Kaccha fort here called Malhergarh. The town of Malher was founded by Sadr-u-din in 1466, an Afghan. A pious man and disciple of Peer Rukha Alam of Multan (Pakistan), he left the Peer and settled at Bhumsi in the remains of the Malhergarh fort. Behlol Lodhi stayed here on way to Delhi and was so impressed with him that on becoming King of Delhi, he married off his daughter Taj to Sadr-u-din and gave him 68 villages in dowry. Around the hut of Sadr-u-din emerged a Basti named Malher after the fort Malhergarh. Continue reading »

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Sultanpur Lodhi

Sultanpur Lodhi is a town located in Kapurthala district, about 35 km south-east of Amritsar. One can reach here quite easily by driving from Kapurthala towards Harike Wetlands. It is situated on banks of a rivulet called Kali Bein. Continue reading »

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Nur Mahal

Nur Mahal is famous for being home to Nur Jahan, wife of Mughal emperor Jahangir -she was brought up here. It houses buildings with some of the finest Mughal architecture in the state such as the Nur Mahal Sarai. Continue reading »

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Phillaur Fort

The Phillaur fort is located just south of Phillaur town of Ludhiana district. The origins of the Phillaur have been traced back to a Sanghera Jut named Phul who gave the name Phulnagar to the town. Later on, this town was captured by Naru Rajputs who were sent by Rai Shahr. Shahr’s son Ratan Pal settled here after the occupation. After departure of Ratan Pal and Juts left this place, a serai or a resting place was constructed at this place, which later was turned into the Phillaur fort later on. Continue reading »

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