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Category Archives: India>Patiala and the Regal South
Anglo-Sikh War SiteBattle of Ferozeshah – 21-22 December 1845 Following Mukdi, the British Army proceeded northwestwards with a view to joining forces with the besieged British garrison of Ferozepore. The Sikh Army did not prevent the meeting of the two … Continue reading
Jaito was founded by Bhai Jaita of the Sidhu clan. On this place situated near a fort, is the Gurdwara Gangsara built in memory of Guru Gobind Singh who visited here in 1705.
Maharaja Hira Singh constructed the Gurdwara whose sarovar or tank is popularly known as “Gangsar”. About a mile and a half north of Jaito is Gurdwara Tibbi Sahib where Guru Gobind Singh used to organize and participate in the evening recitation of Rehras. Both Gurdwaras have extensive land sanctioned to it by the Nabha rulers. Jaito’s cattle markets are well renowned. People come from far distances to buy and sell their herds. Continue reading
Guru Gobind Singh fought his last battle against the Mughals on December 29, 1705 AD near a pond called Khidrane di Dhab. 40 disciples of the Guru known as ‘40 Muktas’ (40 liberated ones) sacrificed their lives here and the city that grew at the site of the battle was called Muktsar after them. Continue reading
(28 km from Bathinda, Dist.Bathinda) This is the location of Sri Damdama Sahib. Guru Gobind Singh arrived here on 20-21 January, 1706 after fighting battles against the Mughals during which two of his sons were bricked alive at Sirhind and … Continue reading
The history of Sunam goes back to the Vedic period, when its name was Surajpur supposedly by the mythical Saraswati River. The modern town was built within the walls of an old fort into which its inhabitants were driven to take refuge. It is divided into two parts, one in the citadel of the fort and the other on the lowland around it. Though now of little importance, Sunam has played a significant part in the history of the Punjab after the Muhammdan invasion ; Al-Baruni mentions it as a famous place of that period. Continue reading
From historical evidence, Maharaja Hamir Singh founded the Phulkian state in 1755 and took over the forts at Sangrur, Bhadson (approximately 20 km north-east from the centre of Nabha town) and Amloh. The foundations of the Nabha Quila complex were laid around 1760. It was during the time of Maharaja Hamir Singh, who is said to have established his capital at Nabha in 1763 that settlements started agglomerating at the edge of the Quila complex. During Maharaja Jaswant Singh’s rule (1790-1810) the town was fortified with five gates and development activities picked up Continue reading
The city of Patiala was the capital of a Princely State and became a symbol of the royal lifestyle during the Raj. This most important city of the Malwa region of Punjab, south of the Sutlej river, has been a repository of cultural and architectural heritage in its 300 year history. Continue reading
Fatehgarh Sahib City is located north of Patiala and can be reached by road or railways from most parts of Punjab quite easily. It houses the historic Gurudwara Fatehgarh Sahib where the two younger sons of Guru Gobind Singh, tenth guru of Sikhs, were executed by the governor of Sirhind, Wazir Khan. The mother of Guru Gobind Singh, Mata Gujri Ji, along with His two young sons, Sahibzada Fateh Singh and Sahibzada Zorawar Singh, were imprisoned at Fatehgarh Sahib. Continue reading
Bhagwati Mandir, Bathinda is located at a place named Maiser Khana. Its history dates back to the 17th century A.D. when Kamala Bhagt, a resident of this place set off for Jawala Mukhi temple in Kangra, another important Hindu shrine. He was accompanied by a saint named Kali Nath. Continue reading
The Kali Devi Temple, Patiala is located on the Mall Road, Patiala, nearby the famous Baradari Garden. This is a renowned temple, dedicated to Goddess Durga or Kali Devi.The construction of Kali Devi Temple took place during the reign of … Continue reading
Bahadurgarh Fort, located on the outskirts of Patiala, is a mere 6km from the city centre. The fort was originally built by Nawab Saif Khan in 1658, during the reign of Aurangzeb, and called Saifabad. It was reconstructed later over a period of eight years by Maharajah Karam Singh in 1837.
Bathinda Fort is located in heart of Bathinda city, one of the major cities across Punjab. . The fort stands tall providing a magnificent view with the city of Bathinda in background. Numerous battles were fought in this region and this fort has borne witness to many of them. Since it is located on a strategic route, it played an important part of defenses of not only state of Punjab, but for the whole country. Continue reading