Chamkaur Sahib

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This is the site of the historical battle fought by Guru Gobind Singh in a small fortress where he faced the mighty Mughal army with just forty Sikhs. Here, the Guru blessed his two sons At Singh and Jujhar Singh and saw them off to the battle field where they, along with 37 Sikhs attained martyrdom. Three of the first five baptized Khalsa were also killed at this battle.

There are five historical Gurdwaras at Chamkaur. Gurdwara Garhi Sahib was the haveli that was converted into a fortress by the Guru for the battle. Qatalgarh Sahib is the main shrine marking the most violent battle on 7 December 1705 where the Guru sacrificed his sons. A Gurdwara was constructed here by Sardar Hardial Singh of Bela in 1831 but that building was replaced during the 1960′s by a new complex raised under Sant Piara Singh of Jhar Sahib and Sant Bishan Singh of Amritsar. The complex comprises of the Mari Sahib hall, the historical hall of Akal Buriga, an old Baoli Sahib still in use and the Guru ka Langar.

Gurdwara Damdama Sahib situated in the heart of the city of Chamkaur marks the haveli where the Guru took refuge on 6 December 1705 on his way back from Bur Majra. Gurdwara Tarhi Sahib, to the west of Qatalgarh, marks the site from where Guru Gobind Singh proclaimed his departure from Garhi on 8 December 1703. On reaching this site, the Guru clapped his hands (literally, Tarhi) and his three companions raised shouts from three different sites to baffle the besieging host. Gurdwara Shahid Burj Bhai Jivan Singh is on the site of the gate to Guru Gobind’s fortress and is named after Bhai Jaita later renamed van Singh, who brought Guru Tegh Bahadur’s head after his execution from Delhi. Gurdwara Shahid Burj is a small brick shrine that commemorates Bhai Jivan Singh’s martyrdom. Gurdwara Ranjit Garh at the eastern end of the town was built to mark the battle between Guru Gobind Singh and the Mughals when he was returning from Kurukshetra to Anandpur in 1703.

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