Fatehgarh Sahib

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Fatehgarh Sahib City is located north of Patiala and can be reached by road or railways from most parts of Punjab quite easily. It houses the historic Gurudwara Fatehgarh Sahib where the two younger sons of Guru Gobind Singh, tenth guru of Sikhs, were executed by the governor of Sirhind, Wazir Khan.

The mother of Guru Gobind Singh, Mata Gujri Ji, along with His two young sons, Sahibzada Fateh Singh and Sahibzada Zorawar Singh, were imprisoned at Fatehgarh Sahib. Later on, when the two young princes refused to obey Wazir Khan’s orders of getting converted to Islam, they were entombed live. On hearing this, Mata Gujri Ji attained died on the same day.

Mata Gujri Ji, along with her two grandsons, was cremated in Sirhind. The Gurudwara Jyoti Sarup Sahib stands on the place where Mata Gujri Ji was cremated. Wazir Khan had refused to provide land for their cremation until someone purchased that land by laying gold coins on it. This was done by Todar Mal, who was a devotee of Guru Gobind Singh Ji. This act earned the title of ‘Deewan’ for him, a rare honour in Sikhism.

Fatehgarh Sahib has four historic gates, each one of them dedicated to four important personalities, Baba Moti Ram Mehra, Deewan Todar Mal, Baba Banda Singh Bahadur and Nawab Sher Muhammed Khan. While Baba Moti Ram Mehra is known for offering gold coins to Wazir Khan for letting him provide food to the sahibzadas and Mata Gujri Ji, Baba Banda Singh Bahadur, the first Sikh general razed Sirhind and executed Wazir Khan on orders of Guru Gobind Singh. Nawab Sher Muhammed Khan had dared Wazir Khan against execution of the young sahibzadas and is regarded in Sikhism for that.

Fatehgarh Sahib is an important place of worship for Sikhs. Every year, a jor mela is held here in month of December to commemorate the martyrdom of two sahibzadas and Mata Gujri Ji.

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