Ferozshah memorial and Anglo Sikh Wars Site

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Anglo-Sikh War SiteBattle of Ferozeshah – 21-22 December 1845

Following Mukdi, the British Army proceeded northwestwards with a view to joining forces with the besieged British garrison of Ferozepore. The Sikh Army did not prevent the meeting of the two forces around its main defensive position centred around the village of Ferozeshah in the early morning of 21 December 1845. Around 4.00pm in the afternoon, the British proceeded to attack the Sikh Army entrenched in the village.

The majority of the resulting fighting took place in darkness and continued throughout the night with the British succeeded in capturing and securing parts of the Sikh encampment despite fearing Sikh counter-attacks. The British position was precarious. During one stage of the battle, orders were given by the Governor General, Lord Hardinge, who was present throughout the campaign, to destroy all state papers left at Mukdi should the Army be defeated.

The next morning, the British attacked and were able to dislodge the remainder of the Sikh Army from the village. By this time, the British Army were exhausted having fought without respite for in excess of 16 hours. By midday, sizeable Sikh reinforcement appeared to the east of the village under command of the Sikh Commander-in-Chief, Tej Singh.The Sikh attack that followed was uncoordinated and lacked direction, which otherwise would have led to victory against the exhausted and depleted British. By 4.00pm in the afternoon, the Sikh Army was ordered by its Commander-in-Chief to withdraw. As at Mukdi, both sides suffered heavy casualties. The two Armies proceeded to disengage, the next notable engagement being some five weeks later.

 

Ferozshah memorial is situated near two big rivers namely Sirhind feeder and Rajasthan feeder. There is a high school and bus stand near to Ferozshah memorial, which reminds people about the fight between English and Sikhs. The visitors who come here must see the Husainiwalla border, which is about 22 kms from Ferozshah memorial. This border is situated at the near Sutlej river where the ashes of Sukhdev, Bhagat Singh and Rajguru were thrown, reminds us about their gallantry.

There is a memorial here and the spot where the English and Sikhs fought is about 4kms from this memorial.

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