Harrappan era civilization, Archeological Museum

Rupar or Rupnagar is the district headquarter of Rupnagar district located around 50km to northwest of state capital Chandigarh. It is famous for being the home to Harrappan era civilization, which predates even the events of the great Hindu epic, Mahabharata. It can be reached from all parts of the state with help of train or by driving.

Rupar (officially Rupnagar) is situated on the left banks of river Satluj. Remains of six ancient civilizations have been excavated from here. The lost river Saraswati is believed to flow from the region and it has been confirmed by the Archaeological Survey of India. Excavations have revealed that this place was inhabited in the protohistoric period. A number of objects including seals, bangles, beads and pottery belonging to that period of history confirm this finding.

The second period is characterized by use of painted grey ware, semi precious stones, bone arrowheads, glass and objects made out of ivory. It is believed that this period was same as that of Mahabharata, prior to even 600 B.C. Items similar to the carved items including stone dishes which have been unearthed from here, have also been found in various other Mauryan sites, including Patna in Bihar.

Stone and mud bricks were used in later civilizations that existed here. Copper coins belonging to Kushana and Gupta periods have been excavated from here. Some sculptures including those of Samudragupta and various gods and goddesses have also been found here. Quite interestingly, the silver utensils that have been found in Rupar  have some Greek influence which makes historians believe that there was some contact between the two civilizations.

Many such items are on display in the archaeological museum, Ropar and nearby sites which have been preserved.

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