Khalsa College Amritsar

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Khalsa College is a historic educational institution in the northern Indian city of Amritsar in the state of Punjab, India. Founded in 1892, the sprawling 300-acre (1.2 km2) campus is located about eight km outside of the city center on the Amritsar-Lahore highway (part of the Grand Trunk Road), adjoining Guru Nanak Dev University campus, to which Khalsa College is academically affiliated.

The main building is considered a gem of the Indo-Sarcenic style, which is strongly influenced by traditional Indian and Mughal schools of architecture. The foundation stone was laid on March 5, 1892, with the first classes starting in 1893.The college was designed by Bhai Ram Singh, principal of the Mayo School of Arts, Lahore, with the help of engineer Dharam Singh Gharjakhia. Bhai Ram Singh was decorated for his services with the Member of the Victorian Order (MVO), the highest civilian award of British India.

Many princely states of British India gave their financial help to the establishment of Khalsa College, including Maharaja Rajendra Singh of Patiala, Maharaja Hira Singh of Nabha, Maharaja Jagatjit Singh of Kapurthala and Sir Sunder Singh Majithia.

The students of the Khalsa College, Amritsar staged hostile demonstrations against the British under the leadership of Master Tara Singh, where he was a student. He later left his teaching profession after the Nankana Sahib tragedy in 1921 where more than 200 Sikhs were killed and took active part in the Non-cooperation movement in 1930. During this movement the police opened fire on the Pathans in Peshawar and Tara Singh took a jatha of 101 Sikh Satyagraphis from Akal Takht, Amritsar to Peshawar in protest. He was arrested and released after the Gandhi-Irwin pact of 1931.

Khalsa college is associated with several other individuals of the freedom struggle. Ajit Singh, the well known revolutionary, visited Amritsar and addressed the student community. In 1908, Gopal Krishna Gokhale visited the college and was given a rousing reception. The students took away the horses from his carriage and dragged it themselves to the dharamshala where Gokhale was scheduled to lecture. Mahatma Gandhi also visited Amritsar to meet the students of the Khalsa College.

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