Khatkar Kalan

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This village is located on the Nawanshahr-Banga road in Jalandhar district, 100 km from Chandigarh, 30 km from Phagwara and 55km from Jalandhar.

Shaheed Bhagat Singh and his paternal uncle, Sardar Ajit Singh were from the village of Khatkar Kalan. Ajit Singh was a talented orator and an active revolutionary. In 1907, he was arrested in connection with the peasants’ agitation and exiled to Burma. Fearing unrest he was brought back and after some time he left Punjab for Iran. Later, he moved to Turkey and finally settled in Brazil till the end of the First World War. During the Second World War he went to Germany and addressed the Sikh soldiers and other Indians asking them to participate in the struggle to remove the British from their homeland. After the defeat of Germany he was jailed and was later allowed to return to India because of his health. He died at Dalhousie in August 1947.

Bhagat Singh was born on 27 September 1907 and met Lala Lajpat Rai, Sufi Amba Prasad and Ras Bihari Bose at the D.A.V. College, Lahore in 1916. The martyrdom of Kartar Singh Sarabha and the Jallianwala Bagh massacre left a deep impact on his mind. He came into contact with Bhagwati Charan, Sukhdev, Bathu Keshwar Dutt Chandrashekhar Azad and many others. The lathi charge on Lala Lajpat Rai that resulted in his death was the decisive event that made him determined to take revenge on the British. He shot down the then Assistant Superintendent of Police, Lahore, Saunders mistaking him for Mr. Scott (who ordered the lathi charge). Later, he and Battu Keshwar Dutt threw two bombs into the Central Assembly at Delhi and made no efforts to escape. Bhagat Singh was arrested on the spot and he refused to employ any defence council during his trial. Along with Sukhdev and Rajguru, Bhagat Singh was awarded the death sentence and was hanged under cover of the night in Lahore jail on 23 March, 1931. He is one of the most famous martyrs of the Indian freedom struggle.

The 50th martyrdom anniversary of Shaheed-e-Azam S. Bhagat Singh was observed by setting up a commemorative ‘Memorial Museum’ on March 23, 1981.

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