Muktsar

(50km north west of Bathinda, Dist. Muktsar) Guru Gobind Singh fought his last battle against the Mughals on December 29, 1705 AD near a pond called Khidrane di Dhab. 40 disciples of the Guru known as ‘40 Muktas’ (40 liberated ones) sacrificed their lives here and the city that grew at the site of the battle was called Muktsar after them.

These 40 Sikhs were those who deserted him at the Anandpur Sahib fort when it was besieged by the Mughal army. They condemned by their family and womenfolk due to this dishonour. On learning of the Guru’s whereabouts, all of them lead by Bhai Mahan Singh and Mai Bhago joined the Guru’s forces and fought a pitched battle against the Mughals at the site of present day Muktsar. All 40 were martyred on the battlefield and the Sikhs won the battle. Gurdwara ShahidGanj Sahib also called Angitha Sahib commemorates the place where Guru Gobind Singh perfomed the last rites of the Forty Muktas, or the Liberated ones and named the place ShahidGanj.

Gurdwara Tibbi Sahib marks the hillock (tibbi) which Guru Gobind Singh chose as vantage point of the battle field; and from where the Guru helped his Sikhs by shooting arrows at the Mughals.

Darbar Sahib or Gurdwara Tuti Gandi Sahib is the principal shrine at Muktsar. The last of the 40 Sikhs, Bhai Mahan Singh, while dying asked Guru Gobind Singh to forgive them and to tear the letter they had signed at Anandpur Sahib disowning him as their Guru. Guru Sahib immediately took out the letter of renunciation and tore it, thus liberating the forty Sikhs. By tearing the letter, Guru Sahib retied the knot between himself and his Sikhs. This is referred to as Tuti Gandi, or the Broken Ties Retied and this Gurdwara commemorated that event. There is another Gurdwara here called Tambu Sahib

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