Phillaur Fort

The Phillaur fort is located just south of Phillaur town of Ludhiana district, along the border of Ludhiana and Jalandhar. One can reach here easily from Ludhiana, the principal city of the state of Punjab. Locally it is also known as “Maharaja Ranjit Singh Fort”

The origins of the Phillaur have been traced back to a Sanghera Jut named Phul who gave the name Phulnagar to the town. Later on, this town was captured by Naru Rajputs who were sent by Rai Shahr. Shahr’s son Ratan Pal settled here after the occupation. After departure of Ratan Pal and Juts left this place, a serai or a resting place was constructed at this place, which later was turned into the Phillaur fort later on.

Mughal Emperor Shah Jahan had the serai revamped and greatly expanded, using it as a military base and a postal center. During the tenure of Maharaja Ranjit Singh, it was used as a border post, dividing his empire with that of English East India Company. A strong force was stationed here from the year 1808 to 1812 under his governor Mohkam Chand. A number of bastions were added to the serai and it was converted into a fort. The credit of designing the fort goes to an unnamed Italian architect.

When Sikh forces lost the battle of Aliwal on January 28, 1848 the fort was forfeited by the British forces under Brigadier Wheeler and Colonel Macheson. The fort served as a military garrison for a number of years till the year 1891. Later on, the fort was handed to the police to be used as a police training academy.

These days, the Phillaur fort is used as Police Training Academy (PTA) and is famous as Maharaja Ranjit Singh Fort. Along with the PTA, it also houses the Finger Print Bureau of the state.

See also:

http://news.ukpha.org/2009/11/holding-the-fort-gobindgarh-and-phillaur-forts/

http://news.ukpha.org/2001/11/phillaur-fort-lies-forgotten-amid-the-din-of-celebrations/

http://www.ludhianadistrict.com/landmarks/phillaur-fort.php

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