Tag Archives: Freedom


Jaito was founded by Bhai Jaita of the Sidhu clan. On this place situated near a fort, is the Gurdwara Gangsara built in memory of Guru Gobind Singh who visited here in 1705.

Maharaja Hira Singh constructed the Gurdwara whose sarovar or tank is popularly known as “Gangsar”. About a mile and a half north of Jaito is Gurdwara Tibbi Sahib where Guru Gobind Singh used to organize and participate in the evening recitation of Rehras. Both Gurdwaras have extensive land sanctioned to it by the Nabha rulers. Jaito’s cattle markets are well renowned. People come from far distances to buy and sell their herds. Continue reading »

Posted in Colonial Punjab, India>Patiala and the Regal South, Sikh History, Sikh Religious | Tagged | Leave a comment

Khatkar Kalan

Shaheed Bhagat Singh and his paternal uncle, Sardar Ajit Singh were from the village of Khatkar Kalan. Ajit Singh was a talented orator and an active revolutionary. In 1907, he was arrested in connection with the peasants’ agitation and exiled to Burma. Fearing unrest he was brought back and after some time he left Punjab for Iran. Later, he moved to Turkey and finally settled in Brazil till the end of the First World War. During the Second World War he went to Germany and addressed the Sikh soldiers and other Indians asking them to participate in the struggle to remove the British from their homeland. After the defeat of Germany he was jailed and was later allowed to return to India because of his health. He died at Dalhousie in August 1947. Continue reading »

Posted in Colonial Punjab, India>Jalandhar Doab, Modern Punjab | Tagged , | Leave a comment


In Ludhiana district, another revolutionary was born in the village of Sarabha. Sardar Kartar Singh Sarabha was a talented student who went to the USA to study chemistry. Disturbed by the discrimination against non-whites, he turned into a strong anti-racism activist and an ardent nationalist. He joined the Ghadar movement and used to bring out the’ Ghadar’ newspaper in San Francisco. Continue reading »

Posted in Colonial Punjab, India>Central Punjab, Sikh History | Tagged , | Leave a comment


The history of Sunam goes back to the Vedic period, when its name was Surajpur supposedly by the mythical Saraswati River. The modern town was built within the walls of an old fort into which its inhabitants were driven to take refuge. It is divided into two parts, one in the citadel of the fort and the other on the lowland around it. Though now of little importance, Sunam has played a significant part in the history of the Punjab after the Muhammdan invasion ; Al-Baruni mentions it as a famous place of that period. Continue reading »

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Nabha – The seat of the Phulkian Royals

From historical evidence, Maharaja Hamir Singh founded the Phulkian state in 1755 and took over the forts at Sangrur, Bhadson (approximately 20 km north-east from the centre of Nabha town) and Amloh. The foundations of the Nabha Quila complex were laid around 1760. It was during the time of Maharaja Hamir Singh, who is said to have established his capital at Nabha in 1763 that settlements started agglomerating at the edge of the Quila complex. During Maharaja Jaswant Singh’s rule (1790-1810) the town was fortified with five gates and development activities picked up Continue reading »

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