The Gurdwaras of Batala

 

(38 km north-west of Amritsar on the Pathankot road, Dist. Gurdaspur) Guru Nanak, the founder of the Sikh faith, was married here to Bihi Sulakhni, daughter of Mul Chand Chauna on 24 September 1487. It is said Guru Nanak refused to be married according to the prevalent rites. As he was a reformer, he suggested a simpler wedding ceremony. The Brahmins resisted and Mul Chand Chauna, would be father- in-law of the Guru, refused to marry his daughter to Nanak according to any other rites. A discussion took place between the Brahmins and Guru Nanak. Nanak was given a seat near a crooked decaying mud-wall which was about to fall. The idea was to bury Nanak under the mud wall by giving it a little push. However an old lady informed Nanak who smiled and proclaimed, “This wall will not fall for centuries. The will of God shall prevail.”

A symbolic mud wall, neatly plastered, 3 x 5 x 1.5 feet approximately, encased in glass, next to the Guru Granth Sahib at the ground floor, now represents the original wall within the Gurdwara Kandh Sahib, which derives its name from kachchi kandh (mud wall). Standing in a marblepaved compound about 2 metres above the street level, it consists of a 10 metre square hall, with a square sanctum in the middle. The room at the second floor level is used for continuous readings of the Guru Granth Sahib. Above it and over the sanctum is a room with a dome covered with white glazed tiles and decorated with a tall goldplated pinnacle and umbrellashaped finial. Arched copings decorate the top room and decorative pinnacled domes surround the central dome, while square domed kiosks at the corners adorn the top. The verandah to the left, as one enters, has wall paintings depicting scenes from the life of Guru Nanak. Guru ka Langar is across the street, opposite the main entrance.

Gurdwara Dehra Sahib, also known as Viah Asthan Sri Guru Nanak Dev Ji, marks the house where Bhai Mul Chand lived and where the nuptials were performed. It is situated along a narrow lane called Gali Dehra Sahib between Tibba Bazar and Bara Bazar. The building, constructed by Maharaja Sher Singh, is a 5metre square domed room with a verandah on three sides, and ancillary accommodation around a marblepaved courtyard.Gurdwara Satkartarian marks the site where the wedding party of Baba Gurditta, Guru Hargobind’s eldest son, is believed to have made a halt. The Gurdwara is a high ceilinged hall, with a two storeyed sanctum in the middle and a gallery at first floor level. Above the sanctum are two storeys of square pavilions topped by a dome. The Guru Granth Sahib is temporarily seated in an old small room near by.

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