Wazir Khan Mosque

SimpleViewer requires JavaScript and the Flash Player. Get Flash.

A walk through the old city of Lahore in Pakistan has a number of fantastic and memorable historical sites.  The Wazir Khan Mosque is one of these. Described as a ‘mole on the cheek of Lahore’, the mosque was built in seven years, starting from 1634 AD during the reign of the Mughal Emperor, Shah Jahan.   Located inside the walled city on the Brass Bazar road, the mosque is just 1.8 kms west of Lahore Railway Station and easily accessible from the Delhi Gate.

The mosque was built by Hakim Aliuddin, a physician of great distinction from Chiniot who received the ministerial title of ‘Wazir Khan’ in 1620 AD under the reign of Shah Jahan, and was later promoted to Viceroy of Punjab. The mosque, or masjid, was constructed on the site of an ancient ‘Dargah’ or religious school, established by the Sufi saint, Sheikh Sayyad Mohammad Ishaq Gazruni, known as Miran Badshah who died in 1386 AD and his tomb can be found in the courtyard of the mosque.

The Masjid Wazir Khan is situated on a raised platform and can be reached by a flight of steps to the east. The mosque is entirely constructed in cut and dressed lime bricks with a scant sprinkling of red sandstone in the gate. There is an enormous sunlit courtyard which is divided into two parts: the upper part is about 6 feet higher than the lower, with the ablution tank in the middle. The courtyard is flanked on its east, north and south sides by 32 small ‘hujras’ (cells) of different sizes.

To the north and south of the great octagonal forecourt of the mosque, stretch out the double rows galleries. Each chamber has a sixteen feet wide passage in between and this part of the mosque, known as the forecourt, was an original innovation in the evolution of the mosque. The central octagonal court also has double rooms in each of its four corners which were probably reserved for the gatekeepers of the mosque. This arrangement is repeated on the upper storey of this position.

The prayer chamber on the west side is divided into five compartments by massive piers bearing wide, four centred arches and each compartment is crowned by a dome. At the northern and southern ends of the prayer chamber, a small room has been contrived in the central portion while on the eastern end there is a gallery opening into the spiral staircase lending to the roof. Other principal structural features are the four corner minarets and the five domes as well as the mosaic tiles and frescoes which adorn the building.

There is a library in the mosque which indicates that apart from serving as a place of worship, Masjid Wazir Khan also served as a college, which continues today, functioning as a madrasa, or religious school.

Related posts:

  1. Pearl Mosque or Moti Masjid in the Lahore Fort The Moti Masjid of Lahore is a beautiful edifice standing...
  2. Badshahi Mosque Lahore’s Badshahi Mosque, amongst the largest in the world, is...
  3. Sunehri Masjid The Sunehri Masjid, or golden mosque, can be found in...
  4. Tomb of Asaf Khan In the same complex as the mausoleum of the Mughal...
  5. Moorish Mosque The Moorish Mosque, Kapurthala, is a spectacular mosque built by...
This entry was posted in Mughal Sites, Pak>Lahore and surrounding areas and tagged , , . Bookmark the permalink.

Leave a Reply